Diego Rivera. Frozen Assets. 1931-32. Fresco on reinforced cement in a galvanized-steel framework, 238 x 188 cm. Museo Dolores Olmedo, Xochimilco, Mexico, © 2011 Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, México, D.F./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Diego Rivera. Indian Warrior. 1931. Fresco on reinforced cement in a metal framework, 104.14 x 133.35 cm. Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts. Purchased with the Winthrop Hillyer Fund SC 1934:8-1, © 2011 Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, México, D.F./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Revisiting Diego Rivera's 'Portable Murals' of the Early 1930s

Diego Rivera. Agrarian Leader Zapata, 1931. Fresco on reinforced cement in a galvanized-steel framework, 238.1 x 188 cm. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Fund, © 2011 Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, México, D.F./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Diego Rivera. Cartoon for Agrarian Leader Zapata. 1931. Charcoal on paper, 250 x 198 cm. Private collection, Mexico, © 2011 Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, México, D.F./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

 

Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53rd Street
212-708-9400
The Michael H. Dunn Gallery, second floor
Diego Rivera:
Murals for The Museum of Modern Art

November 13, 2011-May 14, 2012

For the exhibition Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA reunites five “portable murals” — freestanding frescoes with bold images commemorating events in Mexican history — made for a monographic exhibition of the artist's work in 1931. The exhibition features three eight-foot working drawings, a prototype “portable mural” made in 1930, as well as smaller working drawings, watercolors, and prints by Rivera. It will also include design drawings for his infamous Rockefeller Center mural, a project Rivera began to discuss with the Rockefellers while in residence at the Museum. Comprising works from MoMA’s collection and loans from private and public collections in the United States and Mexico, Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art is organized by Leah Dickerman, Curator, Department of Painting and Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art. MoMA is the exhibition’s sole venue.

In organizing the 1931 exhibition, the Museum had to solve a key problem — how to present the work of this famous muralist when murals were by definition made and fixed on site. In light of these circumstances, the Museum invited Rivera to New York six weeks before the opening, and gave him studio space in an empty gallery in the Museum’s original building. Working around the clock with three assistants, Rivera produced five “portable murals” — large blocks of frescoed plaster, concrete, and steel that feature bold images commemorating Mexican history and addressing themes of revolution and class inequity. After the exhibition’s opening, Rivera added three more murals, now taking on New York subjects through monumental images of the urban working class and the social stratification of the city during the Great Depression. All eight were on display for the duration of the exhibition’s run; the first of these panels, Agrarian Leader Zapata, later joined MoMA’s collection, and is now a familiar icon on the Museum’s walls.

Focused specifically on works made during the artist’s stay in New York, Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art creates a succinct portrait of Rivera as a highly cosmopolitan figure who moved between Europe, Mexico, and the United States, and offers a fresh look at the intersection of art making and radical politics in the 1930s.

The five murals from the 1931 retrospective that will be on view in Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art are: Agrarian Leader Zapata (1931), Indian Warrior (1931), The Uprising (1931), Frozen Assets (1932), and •lectric Power (1932). The three remaining murals in the series are Liberation of the Peon (1931), Sugar Cane (1931), and •Pneumatic Drilling• (1932). Accompanying the murals and drawings, the exhibition will feature archival materials, including designs and photographs drawn from MoMA’s archives, related to the commission and production of the works.

Publication: In November 2011 the publication Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art will accompany the MoMA exhibition. The richly illustrated accompanying catalogue presents each of the eight frescoes in detail. An essay by curator Leah Dickerman discusses the history and context of Rivera’s fresco works; his political engagements in Mexico, the United States, and the Soviet Union; and his complex interactions with patrons. Anna Indych-López, a specialist in Mexican modernism, considers each of the eight panels. Conservators Anny Aviram and Cynthia Albertson examine Rivera’s working process, materials, and technical innovations. Also included is a selected chronology of the artist’s life and work, focusing on the events that led to his New York show. Together these elements provide a compelling perspective on the intersection of art making and radical politics in the 1930s. 148 pages, 128 illustrations. Hardcover, $35. Available at the MoMA Stores and online at www.MoMAStore.org. Distributed to the trade through ARTBOOK | D.A.P. in the United States and Canada.

 

 

Diego Rivera. Pneumatic Drill (cartoon for Pneumatic Drilling). 1931. Charcoal on paper, 247 x 195.2 cm. Museo Dolores Olmedo, Xochimilco, Mexico, © 2011 Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, México, D.F./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.