Helmu Kolle (1899-1931), Self-portrait, 1930, Oil on Canvas, 81 x 65 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Donation of Anne-Marie Uhde.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938), Reclining Woman in a White Chemise, um 1909, Oil on canvas, 95 x 121 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Donation by Fritz Hagemann.

Edvard Munch (1863-1944), Jealousy, 1913, Oil on canvas, 85 x 130 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo:Städel Museu, ARTOTHEK, © The Munch Museum / The Munch Ellingsen Group / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Loan by private collection.

Max Beckmann (1884-1950), The Synagogue in Frankfurt/Main, 1919, Oil on canvas, 90 x 140 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Purchased with municipal and private funds.

Die Städel Reconsiders and Reinstalls Its Modern Art Collection

Gustave Courbet (1819-1877), The Wave, 1869, Oil on canvas, 63 x 91,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein (1751-1829), Goethe in the Roman Campagna, 1787, Oil on canvas, 164 x 206 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Gift by Baroness Salomon von Rothschild.

Philipp Veit (1793-1877), View to the Taunus Mountains, 1840, Oil on canvas, 28,3 x 35,7 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, RTOTHEK.

Eugéne Delacroix (1798-1863), Fantasia arabe, 1833, Oil on canvas, 60,5 x 74,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, RTOTHEK, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Henri Matisse (1869-1954), Flowers and China, 1913, Oil on canvas, 93,5 x 82,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © Succession H. Matisse / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Repurchased with funds provided by the Frankfurter Sparkasse AG and the Kuratorium Kulturelles Frankfurt.

Paula Modersohn-Becker (1876-1907), Head of a Girl, um 1906, Oil on canvas, 24,5 x 21 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Ernst Deger (1809-1885), Portrait of a Young Woman, 1853, Oil on canvas, 44,5 x 38 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Legacy of Charlotte Schnaase.

Ottilie W. Roederstein (1859-1937), Self-Portrait with Folded Arms, 1926, Oil on Canvas, 55,1 x 46 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Max Beckmann (1884-1950), Portraits with champagne glass, 1919, Oil on canvas, 65 x 55,5 cm, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Loan by private collection.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Portrait of Fernande Olivier, 1909, Oil on canvas, 65 x 54,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © Succession Picasso / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), After lunch (La fin du déjeuner), 1879. Oil on canvas, 100,5 x 81,3 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), Alexandra „Xie“ Kichtin as a Chinese „Tea-Merchant“ (On Duty), 1873, Albumin paper, 19,8 x 15,2 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Acquired by Uta und Wilfried Wiegand, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

 

Städel Museum
Dürerstraße 2
+ 49(0)69-605098-170
Frankfurt am Main
Garden Wing
Modern Art (1800-1945)
Open November 17, 2011

Modern Art (1800-1945) is the first of three major collection openings at Städel Museum. At the first opening, visitors will “an entirely new presentation of the modern art collection which, besides familiar and popular works, includes a number of important new additions and surprising positions,” as Max Hollein, Director of the Städel Museum, notes. The Modern Art presentation offers a concentrated survey of the development of European art and sculpture in the 19th and 20th centuries. The emphasis is on German and French painting. With works such as Claude Monet’s The Luncheon (1868), Pablo Picasso’s Fernande Olivier (1909), or Ernst Ludwig Kirchner’s Standing Nude with Hat (1910), the Städel possesses key works of the more recent history of art. The new presentation not only makes the contentual connections and interactions between the European art movements and various artists more understandable, but also comprises photographs for the first time and includes more works by women artists than before. One room each is devoted to the work of Max Beckmann and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

New presentation of the collection The refurbishment of the Garden Wing was accompanied by a fundamental reorganization of the modern art department. “The new presentation offered an opportunity of going through the Städel’s own holdings, which comprise about 1,200 works in the field of modern art, with a fresh eye,” says Dr. Felix Krämer, head of the department. Many of the 200 works on display have long since been part of the gallery’s fixtures. Frequently, these exhibits are now to be found side by side with new discoveries or rediscoveries. Two of the most spectacular finds in the museum’s depot are certainly Jean-Léon Gérôme’s Saint Jerome from 1874, which was not included in the Städel’s inventories in the turmoil of World War II, and a nude which could be attributed to Ernst Ludwig Kirchner with absolute certainty in 2010. Other artists such as Ernst Deger, Anton Zwengauer, Ottilie W. Roederstein, Angilbert Göbel, or Helmut Kolle are largely forgotten, yet are definitely worth rediscovering.

While the artists’ national context was more strongly emphasized in the old presentation, the new presentation clearly focuses on contentual connections and the cultural exchange between the European artists and the various movements. Works by the German Brücke artists are mounted next to paintings by Henri Matisse and Edvard Munch — their great examples. The tour through the exhibition starts in the hallway with monumental works by Philipp Veit, Friedrich Overbeck, and Carl Friedrich Lessing, which reflect the Städel’s foundation years of the early 19th century (this introductory section will be accessible after the reopening of the Main wing as of December 15). While the first room offers art from the first half of the 19th century with Johann Wilhelm Heinrich Tischbein’s famous portrait of Goethe in its center, art from after 1850 (Gustave Courbet, Victor Müller, Arnold Böcklin) is shown in the two large halls that follow. The presentation continues on both sides — with Symbolist tendencies (Odilon Redon, Franz von Stuck, Max Klinger, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes) respectively Impressionism and Modernism (Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet, Max Liebermann, artists of the Brücke group, Henri Matisse, Edvard Munch, and Pablo Picasso), respectively. The accents of the selection result from the priorities developed over the years so that one room each is reserved for Max Beckmann and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

The presentation of the collection also reflects the dark sides of German history. In a special cabinet, works by artists who were persecuted in the Third Reich are deliberately confronted with paintings that represent the official production of those years. This approach is not aimed at scandalization; the context promises to bring to light the “degenerate” artists’ creativity and urge for innovation even more clearly. The inclusion of photographs in the Modern Art presentation is a complete novelty. Thanks to the acquisition of the Wiegand Collection by the Städelscher Museums-Verein made possible through the support from the Kulturstiftung der Länder and the Hessische Kulturstiftung, photography could be established as a new area of the Städel’s collection. The common presentation of painting, sculpture, and photography allows highlighting the interaction between the various media, which has brought about brilliant results particularly in the field of modern art.

New acquisitions and permanent loans “It is for the first time now that the new •Modern Art• presentation reveals the commitment with which we have deliberately extended the collection also in this respect in recent years,” says Max Hollein. Next to the 250 photographs from the Wiegand collection, the most important acquisitions include works by painters from the New Objectivity milieu like Karl Hubbuch and Anton Räderscheidt. Félix Vallotton’s Nude Blonde from 1921 represents another major purchase by the Städelscher Museums-Verein. Further new acquisitions include works by Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach and Hanns Ludwig Katz. An important addition to the Städel’s collection is a group of permanent loans transferred to the museum by the Commerzbank from the erstwhile Kunstsammlung Dresdner Bank. These comprise, among others, works by László Moholy-Nagy, Ljubov Popova, Max Ernst, Paul Klee, and Max Beckmann. Further important permanent loans by Max Beckmann, Marc Chagall, and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner have been entrusted to the Städel by private collectors.

Publication and enlarged accompanying program The publication Kunst der Moderne. 1800–1945 im Städel Museum (Modern Art. 1800-1945 in the Städel Museum), which accompanies the new presentation, offers a comprehensive survey of the collection. Besides an introduction to the history of the collection, prologues to the individual chapters, and comments on all the exhibited works, the volume contains the column Der andere Blick (With a Different Eye), where Peter-André Alt, Eva Demski, Mathias Döpfner, Wilhelm Genazino, Durs Grünbein, Katharina Hacker, Ulla Hahn, Martin Mosebach, Neo Rauch, Helmut Schmidt, Wolf Singer, and Roger Willemsen write about a specific work of the Städel’s collection. The research work for this publication was supported by the Familien-Schultz-Frentzel-Stiftung.

Curator of the permanent presentation is Dr. Felix Krämer (Städel Museum). Research assistant is Dr. Nerina Santorius (Städel Museum).

Félix Vallotton (1865-1925), Blonde Nude, 1921, Oil on canvas, 116 x 89 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo:Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Dora Maar (1907-1997), Mannequin with Perm, 1935, Silver gelatin print on baryta paper, 23,4 x 17,7 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Acquired by Uta und Wilfried Wiegand, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Edgar Degas (1834-1917), Orchestra Musicians, 1872, reworked in 1874-76), Oil on canvas, 69 x 49 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Walter Hege (1893-1955), Munich: Columns of a Temple of Honour on Königsplatz, 193, Silver gelatin print on baryta paper, 23 x 17,1 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Acquired by Uta und Wilfried Wiegand, Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Franz Pforr (1788-1812), Self-portrait, 1810, Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard, 22,7 x 17,1 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, On loan from the Frankfurter Künstlergesellschaft.

Marc Chagall (1887-1985), One says; The rabbi, 1912, Oil on canvas, 130 x 90 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011, Loan by private collection.

Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879), Mrs. Herbert Duckworth, 1867, Albumin paper, 35 x 27,1 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Acquired by Uta und Wilfried Wiegand
Property of the Städelscher Museums-Verein.

Honoré Daumier (1808-1879), Ratapoil, 1851, Bronze, 44,7 x 17 x 19 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK, Donation by Helmut und Hedwig Goedeckemeyer.

Claude Monet (1840-1926), The Luncheon, 1868, Oil on canvas, 231,5 x 151,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938), Sad Woman; Standing Female Nude; Nude Girl, Wood 63,5 x 19,5 x 16,5 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.

Franz Marc (1880-1916), Dog Lying in the Snow, um 1911, Oil on canvas, 62,5 x 105 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum - ARTOTHEK, Property of the Stadelscher Museums-Verein.

Jean-Leon Gérome (1824-1904), Saint Jerome, 1874, Oil on canvas, 69 x 93 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum - ARTOTHEK, Donation by the heirs of Otto Haucks.

Anton Zwengauer (1810-1884), Rehe in Landschaft mit Sonnenuntergang, 1847, Oil on Canvas, 83 x 110 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Photo: Städel Museum, ARTOTHEK.