Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #138, 1985. Oil on canvas, 49-1⁄2 x 48-1⁄4". Private collection, courtesy Greenberg Van Doren Gallery, New York. ©The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #43, 1971. Oil on canvas, 93 x 81". Collection of Gretchen and John Berggruen, San Francisco. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Prk #36, 1970. Oil on canvas, 93 x 81". Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach; Gift of David H. Steinmetz. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #79, 1975. Oil on canvas, 93 x 81". Philadelphia Museum of Art, Purchased with a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts and with funds contributed by private donors, 1977. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Blue Surround, 1982. Color aquatint, spit bite aquatint, etching, offset, and drypoint with scraping. Image: 22 x 19". Sheet: 35 x 26-1⁄2". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Crown Point
Press Archive, Gift of Crown Point Press. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Cigar Box Lid #4, 1976. Oil on wood, 8-3⁄8 x 7-1⁄8". The Grant Family Collection. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Corcoran Gallery of Art
500 17th Street NW
Richard Diebenkorn: The Ocean Park Series
June 30, 2012-September 23, 2012
Richard Diebenkorn: The Ocean Park Series, a retrospective of one of the most important bodies of work in American abstract painting is on view on the East Coast exclusively at the Corcoran. The Ocean Park Series is the first major museum exhibition to focus on this influential series, made between 1967 and 1988. The exhibition features nearly 80 works — large-scale paintings, smaller paintings made on cigar box lids, mixed-media drawings on paper, monotypes, and prints — brought together for the first time to offer a full exploration of the series through the varied media in which Diebenkorn worked.
Richard Diebenkorn (1922-1993) was a pivotal figure in the history of modern painting. The Ocean Park series is distinguished by large, luminous paintings that build upon a grid-like system, with extensive reworking and scraped layers of translucent paint — processes that are discernible to the viewer. His works on paper, including prints, drawings, and collages, are equally important, exploring the same visual territory as the large-scale canvases.
Consisting of monumental, geometric panes of saturated color, the ethereal and powerful paintings in the Ocean Park series capture the psychology of place that defined the California coast during this time and showcase the innovations and improvisations of an artist whose work inspired legions of artists and greatly advanced the lexicon of abstraction.
"These works are powerful investigations of space, light, composition, and the fundamental principles of modern abstraction, bringing together concepts forged by artists like Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso," said Philip Brookman, chief curator and head of research at the Corcoran, coordinating curator of the exhibition. "Diebenkorn investigated the tension between the real world and his own interior landscape to produce some of the most innovative, influential, and timeless works of art during this decisive period of his career. These are not landscapes or architectural interiors but topographically rooted abstractions in which a sense of the skewed light and place of that time emerges through the painting process."
Exhibition curator Sarah C. Bancroft explains, "It is a rare and unique opportunity to bring to a broader audience this well-known yet under-exhibited body of work, and it is my sincere hope that those who visit the exhibition will experience the riotous calm, joy, and contemplation that these stellar works can offer."
Visitors have the opportunity to view the exhibition for free every Saturday during the Corcoran’s popular Free Summer Saturdays from Memorial Day (May 26) weekend through Labor Day (September 1) weekend.
About the Artist
"The idea is to get everything right — it’s not just color or form or space or line — it’s everything all at once."
— Richard Diebenkorn
Born in Portland, Oregon, in 1922, Richard Clifford Diebenkorn, Jr., grew up in San Francisco and attended Stanford University. After serving in the U.S. Marines, he took advantage of the G.I. bill and began studying art at the California School of Fine Arts, where his teachers included Mark Rothko and Clyfford Still. He later studied at the University of Illinois, Champaign, and the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.
During the early stages of his career, abstract expressionism loomed as a significant influence. In the mid-1950s, as a leader of the Bay Area Figurative Movement, he pioneered an expressive, figurative style that merged the brushwork and compositional strategies of his early work with representational imagery depicting familiar people and landscapes.
In 1966, he moved from the Bay Area to Santa Monica for a teaching position at UCLA. Diebenkorn first found a small and windowless studio in the same building as the painter Sam Francis. Eventually, he took over Francis’s light-filled studio. Around this time, he abandoned the figurative style he had become known for, surprising the art establishment, his family and close friends, and himself.
As with previous series by the artist, the Ocean Park works were named for the place where they were created, a beachside community a few miles south of his home in Santa Monica. Thus began a series of more than 140 abstract paintings and works on paper that he would continue until nearly the end of his life and that would become his seminal body of work. Even more than his previous work, the Ocean Park series was acclaimed by critics and pursued by collectors, yet his place in art history narratives was less established than that of his East Coast peers. In the wake of major retrospectives in 1976 and 1997, however, his reputation has moved into the front rank of post-War American painters, and his dedication to the art of painting and the power of abstraction continue to inspire today’s artists.
Richard Diebenkorn and the Corcoran Richard Diebenkorn: The Ocean Park Series includes a major painting from the Corcoran collection, Ocean Park #83 (1975), which was acquired the year it was painted, but the relationship between Diebenkorn and the Corcoran arguably extends back to 1973, when a 20-year-old Philip Brookman — who would go on to become the Corcoran’s chief curator and head of research — organized the first retrospective of Diebenkorn’s drawings while an undergraduate at UC Santa Cruz.
In 1977, the Corcoran presented Richard Diebenkorn: Paintings and Drawings 1943-1976, an exhibition organized for the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Jane Livingston, who was then the Corcoran’s chief curator and associate director, also organized the 1981 Corcoran Biennial Exhibition of American Painting, which featured Diebenkorn's work, and the 1997 Diebenkorn retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art. Today, she is project director and editor of the Richard Diebenkorn Catalogue Raisonné Project.
Exhibition Catalogue A full-color, hardcover catalogue, Richard Diebenkorn: The Ocean Park Series, features essays by exhibition curator Sarah C. Bancroft; Susan Landauer, independent curator; and Peter Levitt, a poet who has also published journalism, essays, fiction, and translations from Chinese, Japanese, and Spanish; with contributions by Anna Brouwer. It includes a chronology, bibliography, and index. Published by Prestel USA, 2011. 256 pages. $65.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #16, 1968. Oil on canvas, 92-1⁄2 x 76". Milwaukee Art Museum, Gift of Jane Bradley Pettit. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #27, 1970. Oil on canvas, 100 x 81". Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Roebling Society and Mr. and Mrs. William K. Jacobs, Jr. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park #83, 1975. Oil on canvas, 100 x 81". Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Museum Purchase with the aid of funds from the National Endowment for the Arts, the
William A. Clark Fund, and Mary M. Hitchcock 1975.30. © The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.
Richard Diebenkorn, Green, 1986. Color aquatint, spit bite aquatint, soap ground aquatint, and drypoint on Somerset paper. Image: 45 x 35-3⁄8"; Sheet: 53-3⁄4 x 40-3⁄4". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Crown Point Press Archive, Gift of Crown Point Press. ©The Estate of Richard Diebenkorn.