Neri Oxman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, est. 1861. Z Corporation, USA, Materialecology, 2007, Subterrain: Coded FEA, Rhinoceros, and Generative Components software; CNC milled laminated oak and cherry wood. Monocoque: Rhinoceros and Generative Components software; full cure digital materials Vero White and Tango Black, acrylic based photopolymers, and plaster resin composite. Raycounting: Rhinoceros and Generative Components software; photo reactive liquid resin SL 7510 and nylon 12. Cartesian Wax: Rhinoceros and Generative Components software; ultra low viscosity urethane rubber, semi rigid polyurethane casting resin composite, and machinable wax, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of The Contemporary Arts Council of The Museum of Modern Art.

Past, Present, Future — always Evolving, Design Never Sleeps

Anthony Dunne, Fiona Raby, and Noam Toran. Dunne & Raby UK, est. 1994, All the Robots. 2007, Video (color, sound), The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of the Speyer Family Foundation, Photographer: Per Tingleff.

Aaron Koblin, Department of Design | Media Artd , USA, est. 1994, School of the Arts and Architecture at University of California, Los Angeles USA, est. 1966, Flight Patterns, 2005, Quicktime video (color), The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of the designer.

Michele Gauler, Design Interactions Department, est. 1989. Royal College of Art, UK, est. 1837, Digital Remains, 2006, Aluminum, wood, acrylic, and electronic media. Each: 3/4 x 2 3/4" (1.9 x 7 cm)The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Marva Griffin-Wilshire.

Tomáš Gabzdil Libertíny, The Honeycomb Vase "Made by Bees". 2006, Beeswax Manufactured by Studio Libertíny, The Netherlands, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of The Aaron and Betty Lee Stern Foundation.


Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York
The Philip Johnson Architecture and Design Galleries, Third Floor
Action! Design over Time
February 5, 2010-ongoing

The Museum of Modern Art presents Action! Design over Time. Organized by Paola Antonelli, Senior Curator, and Patricia Juncosa-Vecchierini and Kate Carmody, Curatorial Assistants, Department of Architecture and Design, The Museum of Modern Art, the installation brings together some 85 examples from the collection that reveal the dynamic and evolving nature of objects, providing a deeper understanding of contemporary design.

Objects are not still, and yet design is often appreciated in terms of its static presence — both aesthetic and functional — in any given instant, without much consideration of the process of its making, trajectory in time, life cycle, or relationship with people. Some of the objects in the exhibition embody frozen moments in time, whether crafted by hand (like Ingo Maurer’s Porca Miseria! Chandelier (1994), which is made of broken dishes) or crystallized by a computer using a digital manufacturing machine (as with Ammar Eloueini’s CoReFab chair from 2006). Instead of a single moment, other featured objects capture entire life cycles: Christien Meindertsma’s book PIG 05049 (2004-06) tracks all 185 products made from a single pig, while Michele Gauler’s Digital Remains (2006) comprises urns containing the images, music, and documents from dead friends’ and relatives’ computers. Some examples focus on communication and interaction design, whose nature is inherently active and dynamic. These interfaces and visualizations interpret and render data over time — commercial air traffic in the United States (Aaron Koblin’s Flight Patterns, 2005), taxi traffic in San Francisco (Stamen Design’s Cabspotting: New Year's Eve 2007, 2005-ongoing), or the editorial evolution of Wikipedia entries (Fernanda Bertini Viégas and Martin Wattenberg’s History Flow, 2003), for instance — in an elegant and efficient way.

The design firm Freedom Of Creation has taken rapid manufacturing into the realm of textiles. Neither woven nor traditionally sewn, the laser-sintered textiles (2000-06) in the exhibition are built three-dimensionally, layer by layer. Because they are designed on a computer, their threads digitally interwoven, they are easily customizable in various patterns, sizes, and colors.

The exhibition also includes The Honeycomb Vase — "Made by Bees" (2006) by Tomás Gabzdil Libertiny of Studio Libertiny. It was produced through what the artist has called — slow manufacturing: Libertiny constructed a vase-shaped beehive scaffold (to be removed at the end of the process) and then let nature take its course. Forty thousand bees built the vase, layer by layer, in one week.

As technology advances, designers are taking a closer look at future human interaction with robots. The exhibition includes Technological Dreams Series: no 1, Robots (2007), by Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby, a project that explores mankind’s future interaction with robots. The designers look at robots as needy, moody characters with their own distinct personalities and quirks, considering the possibility that devices of the future might not be designed for specific tasks but instead might be given jobs based on behaviors and qualities that emerge over time.

Commissioned for the Museum’s exhibition Workspheres in 2000, My Soft Office is a series of products Hella Jongerius conceived in response to the changing dynamic of work life. Her designs are often characterized by their seamless combination of apparent opposites, such as old and new, fast and slow, high- and low- tech, or, in this case, family life and work life. For My Soft Office Jongerius has redesigned traditional domestic objects — such as a TV dinner tray — so they can accommodate both work and family use.

Some objects are designed to grow from a — starter — often an algorithm fueled by software — their growth interrupted by the designer at a designated moment to be rendered in a visual or physical form. Neri Oxman, an architect, established Materialecology (2007) to undertake interdisciplinary research in the intersection between architecture, engineering, computation, and ecology; she is represented in the exhibition by four recent speculations about the intrinsic qualities of natural structures indicate a direction for future applied research.



Samuel Cabot Cochran and Benjamin Wheeler Howes, SMIT Sustainably Minded Interactive Technology, LLC, GROW. 2005, Thin film photovoltaics, piezoelectric generators, screen printed conductive ink encapsulated in ETFE fluoropolymer lamination, stainless steel, nylon, neoprene rubber, copper wire, and aluminum. 16 x 8', The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Marie-Josée Kravis, Picture Credit: © SMIT - Sustainably Minded Interactive Technology, LLC.